The Temple Institute: Temple Talk: Elul 7, 5770/August 17, 2010

"And you see among the captives... "
(Deuteronomy 21:11)

This week's Torah reading opens with a scenario of war, in the case of the captured woman, and it concludes similarly with a scenario of war, this time the generations-old war of Amalek against the children of Israel. The closing verses concerning Amalek begin with the exhortation, "You shall remember what Amalek did to you on the way, when you went out of Egypt..." (ibid 24:17) and end with the unequivocal commandment, "You shall not forget!" (ibid 24:19) What message connects these two theaters of war, and how does it impact on our Elul preparations for the upcoming days of Awe?

As we have learned from our previous run-in with Amalek, in Exodus, his particular WMD, (weapon of mass destruction), is his ability to penetrate our hearts with doubt and despair. In fact, even the name Amalek, in Hebrew, shares the numerical value of the Hebrew word for doubt, safek. And with what sophisticated mechanism does he release his deadly payload? Again, Torah subtly reveals this as well: "You shall remember what Amalek did to you on the way..." (ibid 24:17) The Hebrew for "did to you on the way" is karcha baderech. The word karcha can be understood in two ways. Literally it means "happened," meaning, by coincidence, without rhyme or reason, no rationale or justification. And this leads us to the second meaning of karcha, which is,"and you grew cold." What Torah is teaching us is that the very purposeless of it all leaves us bewildered and shaken in our belief, leaving us cooler and more distant from the central Torah message of purpose and meaning in this world.

This is the very battle that is being waged against Israel today, by land, by sea, and via the air waves, twenty-four hours a day. The battle to undermine, unnerve, delegitimize and cast doubt in our eyes, blinding us to our Torah mission to declare the unity of G-d and spread the light of His truth to the four corners of the world. This is the common thread that ties the Goldstone commission to the flotilla invasion, the rockets being fired from Gaza to the bullets being fired from Lebanon. It is all in the name of Amalek, in the name of snuffing out the light of G-d in the world by hijacking justice and hurling invective against G-d's chosen ones.

Ki Teitzei begins with the story of the warrior, victorious in battle, who sees and desires a captive woman. Torah lays out a series of steps designed to cool the warrior's ardor and test the purity of his intentions. The great commentator Rashi understands this to be the Torah's way of putting a check on man's understandable but nevertheless problematic confrontation with his baser instincts. After all, this is an Amalek attack, even after the heat of battle has subsided, for who but Amalek has cast doubt before our warrior, causing him to temporarily forget and not remember His covenant with G-d. The Torah's "remedy" is a prescription designed to ease him back into G-d's moral imperative, thereby robbing Amalek of a victory.

The saintly commentator, the Ohr HaChaim, views the incident of the captive woman in a very different light. As he teaches, our warrior is a very righteous man, as witnessed by the fact that he is risking life and soul for the performance of a perilous and dangerous commandment, defending his people and G-d's land against the enemy. In the intense heat of battle he doesn't forget his purpose, but, on the contrary, his unparalleled focus on fulfilling the commandment has bestowed upon him a heightened consciousness. In his elevated state, the beauty that he perceive and desires within the captive woman is the holiness possessed within her soul. There is no happenstance here, no wavering of the spirit, tottering between good and evil impulses. By successfully vanquishing the doubt and despair of Amalek he has revealed the purpose of all that G-d has set out before him, and Torah's prescription for him is again, a cooling off period, but this time to test whether he can live up to his own greatest potential, and remain forever certain of the captive woman's holiness, and of the sanctity of his attachment to her.

Two very different interpretations, but each one comes to express the same truth: We must remember, and never forget our purpose as human beings created in the image of G-d. We must remember and never forget that we were born into this world with a G-d given purpose to fulfill. Every day of our lives we are engaged in a battle against our own sense of self worth. Whenever we turn on the TV, go to the mall, open up the newspaper, or tune into the evening news we are being relentlessly shelled with a message that we have got nothing to win and nothing to lose, there is no sense in trying. Amalek whispers in our ear, and lays in wait outside our door. In this Elul month of stocktaking and introspection, of girding ourselves spiritually for the upcoming year, we must make it our job to vanquish the Amalek from within and the Amalek from without. We do this be reexamining and rededicating ourselves to a purposeful life, leaving no room for doubt, granting no quarter to uncertainty.

Tune in to this week's TEMPLE TALK as Rabbi Chaim Richman and Yitzchak Reuven along with special guest, the famed Egyptologist, film maker, author of "Riddle of the Exodus," and noted Noahide, Jim Long as they engage in a lively discussion on the universal dimensions of Elul and the ramifications of the "King in the Field" for the whole world.

As the rumblings of war dominate the news in Israel and the shofar-blasts of Elul herald the war against the Evil Inclination, this week's Torah portion of Ki Tetzei begins and ends with the concept of war: From the scenario of the "captive woman" to the attack of Amalek. What's the connection between the beginning and the end? What's Amalek's secret weapon, and how can Elul neutralize it? Tune in to this week's TEMPLE TALK for answers!

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