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Archaeologists Slam Temple Mount Dig

reprinted from The Jerusalem Post
Jul. 15, 2007

Etgar Lefkovits

A group of Israeli archaeologists has condemned the Antiquities Authority for authorizing Islamic trust officials to carry out a dig on Jerusalem's Temple Mount as part of work to repair electrical lines.

The work started last week on the northern section of the Temple Mount, with the approval of the Israel Police and the Antiquities Authority, Israeli and Wakf Islamic trust officials said, drawing the wrath of Israeli archaeologists who said that the work, being carried out with a tractor and leaving an 80-meter-long, one-meter deep trench, had damaged the holy site.

The Committee Against the Destruction of Antiquities on the Temple Mount, which is composed of archaeologists and intellectuals from across the political spectrum, has lambasted Israel's chief archaeological body for permitting the work.

"The Antiquities Authority would never have allowed such damage to antiquities at any other archaeological site in Israel," said group spokeswoman Dr. Eilat Mazar, a leading Temple Mount expert.

"The Antiquities Authority has the ability and full backing of the police to enforce real archaeological supervision, but does not do so," she said, adding that the dig was being carried out "without real, professional and careful archaeological supervision involving meticulous documentation."

According to decades-old regulations, Israel maintains overall security control at the site, while the Wakf is charged with day-to-day administration.

The Antiquities Authority declined to comment on the issue.

Jerusalem police spokesman Shmuel Ben-Ruby said that police, in coordination with the Authority, had given Wakf officials approval for the work..

Wakf director Azzam Khatib said the work followed an electrical shortage in the Mount's Al-Aksa Mosque.

The Antiquities Authority, which by law is charged with supervising Israel's archaeological sites, has in the past been criticized by the Committee Against the Destruction of Antiquities on the Temple Mount for overlooking large-scale Wakf construction on the site that has caused massive archaeological damage, due to the political sensitivities involved.

The Islamic infrastructure work on the Temple Mount comes months after an Israeli excavation outside of the compound ahead of a now-nixed plan to build a new bridge to the Mughrabi Gate led to low-level Arab violence in Israel and the region.



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