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Holy Temple Myth Busters: Part V: Ascending the Temple Mount

 

"It is forbidden by Torah law to ascend the Temple Mount." Fact or myth?

Quoting directly from Israel's most illustrious sages, Rabbi Richman explains why it is not only permissible to ascend the Temple Mount today, but it is a positive commandment to do so.

Rabbi Chaim Richman provides the answers from the sources of Torah wisdom to these questions and many more in this multi-part series which will bust all of the myths that have come to clutter Jewish thought concerning the building of the Holy Temple and its significance to the entire world.

 

HALACHIC SOURCES FOR PART V

 

Minute 1:20 'According to halacha Jews most certainly could ascend to the Temple Mount today'

Rambam, Mishne Torah, Beit HaBechira 7,7
Radbaz, Responsa 691
HaMeiri, Beit HaBechira Shavuot 16:a
R. Chaim Alfandari, Derech HaKodesh, Kedusha Shlishit 2; ibid Shvi'it 3,3; ibid Kedusha Asirit in the name of Maharit
Chida, Birkei Yosef Orach Chaim 561
Igrot Moshe Orach Chaim 113
R. Shmuel Horowitz, Yemei Shmuel II, 144
R. Yekutiel Yehudah Halberstam (Admor of Kloizenberg), Gilyon Aleph 596

Minute 1:35 'We Know Exactly Where We are Allowed to Go...Most Authoritative Opinion Informs Us...'

Radbaz, Responsa 691
Chida, Birkei Yosef Orach Chaim 561,3
Shaarei Teshuva and Kaf HaChaim - ibid.
HaBach b'shem HaLikutim, Orach Chaim 561
HaMeiri, Beit HaBechira Shavuot 16:a
R. Chaim Alfandari, Derech HaKodesh, Kedusha Shlishit 2; ibid Shvi'it 3,3; ibid Kedusha Asirit in the name of Maharit
Igrot Moshe Orach Chaim 113
Sefer Mevaseret Tzion 4, in the name of Maharam Chajes
Shla HaKadosh, Igeret, Kovetz 'Al Yad' 16, pp. 225-247
Rabbi Avraham bar Chiya HaNasi, Megilat HaMegilah, p.99
Maimonides Letter - Igrot HaRambam I, Shilat Edition p. 225
Ginzei HaGaonim Bava Batra 60:b
Travels of R. Binyamin of Tudela, p. 24
R. Yaakov of Paris, Sefer Otzar HaMa'saot, p. 67
Talmid HaRamban, Ma'saot Eretz Yisrael p. 53
Igeret R. Ovadia MiBartenura, Sefer Otzar HaMa'asot p. 119
R. Moshe Chajes, Eleh Ma'asei 12
Chatam Sofer, Responsa, Yoreh Deah 236
R.Tzvi Pesach Frank, Mikdash Melech 125
R. Ovadia Yosef, Ma'adanei Melech I, 321

Minute 1:55 'Measure and Determine Where the Mikdash Stood'
Radbaz, Responsa 691

Minute 2:15 'Sanctified Temple Mount was 500 square cubits'
Middot 2,1; Rambam Beit HaBechira 5,1

Minute 2:30 'To these areas of lesser sanctity we ascend, while scrupulously avoiding...'
Kelim 1, 6-8; Pesachim 67:b; Middot Ch. 2; Rambam Biyat HaMikdash 3, 3-10; Beit HaBechira 7,15

Minute 3:15 'Outer Areas of the Har HaBayit are Completely Permissible for Tamei Met'

Rambam Beit HaBechirah 7,7; 7,15;
Chida, Birkei Yosef Orach Chaim 561
Radbaz, II, 691
Igrot Moshe Orach Chaim 113
Minute 3:20 'In Fact, Even a Corpse'...
Tosefta, Kelim 1,8

Minute 3:28: 'And Moshe took the bones of Yosef with him'
Ex. 3:19

Minute 3:35 'Equivalent in Sanctity to the Levitical Camp in the Temple Mount'
Rambam Beit HaBechira 7, 11

Minute 4:25 'Specific examples of decorum: walking stick etc.'
Rambam Beit HaBechira 7, 1-2

Minute 5:20 'Because First and Foremost, the Har Habayit is the Place of Prayer'

Sefer HaChinuch, Mitzvat Binyan Beit HaBechira Midrash HaGadol, V'Zot HaBracha Devarim 33:12 Pirkei D'Rabi Eliezer, 35

Minute 5:30 'Rambam's intention, one should only enter for the purpose of mitzvah'
Rambam Beit HaBechira 7,2

Minute 6:05 'As Opposed to the Temple Mount Which is Mentioned Countless Times'

The Expression 'Har HaMoriah':

Tanach: B'reishith 22:2; II Chron. 3,1
Talmud Bavli: Ta'anit 16:b
Talmud Yerushalmi: Berachot 35,2
Midrash Rabbah: B'reishith 55,9; 60,12
Midrash Tanchuma Vayera 22
Shohar Tov Psalms 92
Pesikta 40, 'U'bachodesh ha'shvi'i'
Targum Yonatan B'reishith 22:4
Targum Onkelos loc cit
Rashi ibid. 28:17
Eben Ezra B'reishith 22:2; Psalms 15:1
Ramban B'reishith 22:2
Rambam Mishne Torah, Beit HaBechira 2,2
Rabbeinu Bachaye Genesis 22:2; ibid. 13
Baal HaTurim, Kli Yikar loc cit

The Expression 'Har Habayit'

Sifra Kedoshim 7,9; 61-62
Sifre Va'etchanan 28; Shoftim 144; Teitzei 258
Talmud Bavli Berachot 54:a; Pesachim 13:b; 88:a; Yoma 2:a; Yevamot 6,2; Makkot 24:b; Kelim 1,8; Middot 34:b
Talmud Yerushalmi 67:b
Midrash Rabbah Kohelet 4,18
Midrash Tanchuma VaYikra 6
Rashi Devarim 33:12; Yechezkel 42:20
Rambam Mishne Torah Beit HaBechira 5, 1-2;
Sefer HaChinuch Teitzei
Malbim Shmot 20:21; Devarim 16:21

6:29 The Midrash itself is found in Shemot Rabbah 2,2

6:50 'After all, the Sages of Israel were still ascending many years after'...

Talmud Bavli Makkot 20:b; Berachot 3:a
Berachot 58:a; Shabbat 15:a; Rosh HaShana 31:a; Sanhedrin 11:b;
Hagiga 15:a; Avoda Zara 20:a
Talmud Yerushalmi Pesachim 7, 12
Shir HaShirim Rabbah 1,15
Josephus Wars 7, 8,7
Tana D'vei Eliyahu Ch. 30
Rabbi Avraham bar Chiya HaNasi, Megilat HaMegilah, p.99
Igrot R. Shmuel bar Shimshon, Igeret 14

7:15 'According to numerous sources, this refers to the Western Wall not to the Kotel Maaravi of our time but to the Western Wall of the Heichal', the Sanctuary of the Beit HaMikdash:

Rambam Beit HaBechirah 4,4;
Tana D'vei Eliyahu Ch. 30;
Tanchuma (Buber) Shemot 10
Shir HaShirim Rabba 2:9; ibid 4:3; commentaries to Middot 5,1
Yalkut Shimoni Kings I 8, Remez 195 Yalkut Shimoni Mica 4, Remez 552
Rabbi Benjamin of Tudela

7:55 'All the great poskim permitted entering'

Rambam, Mishne Torah, Beit HaBechira 7,7
Radbaz, Responsa 691
HaMeiri, Beit HaBechira Shavuot 16:a
R. Chaim Alfandari, Derech HaKodesh, Kedusha Shlishit 2; ibid Shvi'it 3,3; ibid Kedusha Asirit in the name of Maharit
Chida, Birkei Yosef Orach Chaim 561
Igrot Moshe Orach Chaim 113
R. Shmuel Horowitz, Yemei Shmuel II, 144
R. Yekutiel Yehudah Halberstam (Admor of Kloizenberg), Gilyon Aleph 596

9:43 'Because it's Our Home...'

Devarim 7:17
Ramban, Bamidbar 16:21
Midrash Shmuel (Buber), 31
Shulchan Orech Orach Chaim 329,6
Sefer HaMitzvot Lo Ta'seh 58
Responsa of Tzitz Eliezer Vol 7, 48, Orchot HaMishpatim 12

10:05 'As soon as we are afraid to live our lives as Jews, that's when we are really in danger'
Talmud Bavli Berachot 61:b

10:15 'The Temple Mount is Called the Gateway to Heaven'
B'reishith 28:17

10:30 'And the place where all prayers are answered'
I Kings Ch. 8

 

Holy Temple Myth Busters: Part IV: Korban Pesach: To Be Or Not To Be?

 

The Passover Offering is a thing of the past. It's not relevant today. Fact or myth?

Quoting directly from Israel's most illustrious sages, Rabbi Richman explains why it is not only possible to bring the Korban Pesach today, but it is imperative to do so.

From previous chapters in the Temple Institute's Holy Temple Myth Busters Series:

We must wait for the messiah to build the Holy Temple. Fact or myth?

The Holy Temple will descend ready-made from heaven. Fact or myth?

Rabbi Chaim Richman provides the answers from the sources of Torah wisdom to these questions and many more in this multi-part series which will bust all of the myths that have come to clutter Jewish thought concerning the building of the Holy Temple and its significance to the entire world.

 

HALACHIC SOURCES FOR PART IV

 

Exodus Chapter 12

Numbers 9:13

Kritot 22:b

Rambam Hilchot Teshuva 8, 1

Rambam Hilchot Biyat HaMikdash, Chapter 4, 7

Chasam Sofer Responsa, Yoreh Deah #236

R. Ashtori HaParchi, Kaftor V'Ferach, Chapter 6

Ya'avetz Responsa, Section I, #99

Maharatz Chajes, Kuntrus Acharon, Avodat HaMikdash 76

Rambam Hilchot Beit HaBechira Chapter 6, 15

Rambam end of Hilchot Klei HaMikdash, Maharatz Chajes Kuntrus Acharon Chapter 2

HaRav Tzvi Hersch Kalisher, Drishat Tzion, Additions to Ma'amar Kadishin, Ma'alat Eretz Noshavat 5, Neilat Sha'arim

Rambam Hilchot Beit HaBechira Chapter 7, 23

HaRav Yitzchak Itinga, Respona Mahari, Sec. I, Orach Chaim 88

 

Holy Temple Myth Busters: Part III: Mashiach vs the People

 

We must wait for Moshiach to build the Holy Temple. Fact or myth?

Quoting directly from Israel's most illustrious sages, Rabbi Richman explodes myth after myth concerning Moshiach and his role in the building of the Holy Temple.

From previous chapters in the Temple Institute's Holy Temple Myth Busters Series:

The Holy Temple will descend ready-made from heaven. Fact or myth?

Building the Holy Temple will cause World War III. Fact or myth?

Rabbi Chaim Richman provides the answers from the sources of Torah wisdom to these questions and many more in this multi-part series which will bust all of the myths that have come to clutter Jewish thought concerning the building of the Holy Temple and its significance to the entire world.

 

HALACHIC SOURCES FOR PART III

 

Maimonides Mishneh Torah, Hilchot Beit HaBechira 1,1

Maimonides Mishneh Torah, Hilchot Melachim 11,1

Maimonides Mishneh Torah, Hilchot Melachim 12

Malachi 3:1

Pesikta Rabati 36

Maimonides, Sefer Igeret HaShmad

 

Holy Temple Myth Busters: Part II - Falling from Heaven

 

We must wait for Moshiach to build the Holy Temple. Fact or myth?

The Holy Temple will descend ready-made from heaven. Fact or myth?

Building the Holy Temple will cause World War III. Fact or myth?

Rabbi Chaim Richman provides the answers from the sources of Torah wisdom to these questions and many more in this multi-part series which will bust all of the myths that have come to clutter Jewish thought concerning the building of the Holy Temple and its significance to the entire world.

 

HALACHIC SOURCES FOR PART II

 

Rambam, Sefer HaMitzvot, Shoresh Shlishi

Rambam, 13 Principles of Faith, Introduction to Tractate Sanhedrin

Rambam, Igeret HaShmad

Deut. 29:28

Rambam, Hilchot Yesodei HaTorah 9,1

Sefer HaIkarim 3:16

Maharal Tiferet Yisrael 51

'Clearly according to halacha it is a mitzva for Israel to build the Beit HaMikdash,' Rambam Hilchot Beit HaBechira 1,1

Aruch L'Ner on Sukkah 41.A, on Rashi 'Ei Nami'

Rambam, Sefer HaMitzvot 20

Or HaChaim on Shemot 25:8

Sifre BaMidbar, 92

S'Mag, Positive Commandments 163

Sanhedrin 17.b, Shavuot 15.a, Jerusalem Sanhedrin 1,3

Rambam Hilchot Beit HaBechira 6,11

The Mitzvot are for Israel to Fulfill (G-d commands, we fulfill); G-d does not do the commandments:

Ramchal Derech Hashem 1:2:2; Makot 23b; Devarim 6:24-25; 30:11; Bereshith Rabbah 44:1; Vayikra Rabbah 13:3; Tanchuma, Shemini 8; Midrash Tehillim 18:25; Yalkut Shimoni 2:121; Rambam Moreh Nevuchim 3:26-27; Avodat HaKodesh, Chelek HaAvodah 3; Shnei Luchot HaBrit, Shaar HaGadol 1:48b; Maharal Tiferet Yisrael 7.

Opinions of Rashi/Tosafot: Sukkah 41:a, Rosh Hashana 30:a, Shavuot 15:b

source for information about R. Y. ben Chanina B'reishith Rabbah 64

Ezekial 43:11, Rashi says 'so that they will know to do them'

source for R. Yehiel of Paris... Kaftor Va'Ferach, Rabbi Ashtori HaParchi, Chapter 6

 

Holy Temple Myth Busters: Part I - Introduction

 

We must wait for Moshiach to build the Holy Temple. Fact or myth?

The Holy Temple will descend ready-made from heaven. Fact or myth?

Building the Holy Temple will cause World War III. Fact or myth?

Rabbi Chaim Richman provides the answers from the sources of Torah wisdom to these questions and many more in this multi-part series which will bust all of the myths that have come to clutter Jewish thought concerning the building of the Holy Temple and its significance to the entire world.

 

HALACHIC SOURCES

 

breaking the glass: BT Talmud Berachot 30,31

fruit was lost: Sotah 9, 12

all the Torah's commandments are for all of israel to fulfill - Rambam, Igeret HaShmad (Letter on Persecution), Yitzchak Shilat Edition, Volume I, pp. 57-58

Rambam, Sefer HaMitzvot, Positive Commandments number 20

Rashi on BT Sukkah 41:a, Ezekiel 43:11 ("so that they keep: They will learn the matters of the measurements from your mouth so that they will know how to do them at the time of the end.")

 

 

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