The Mishnah relates the following: A dispute arose between Rabban Gamliel and Rabbi Yehoshua over the criteria for accepting witnesses testifying about the new moon. The disagreement had very serious practical implications, as it affected the dates accepted by each of the sages regarding the holidays of that particular year. In order to prevent national discord, Rabban Gamliel compelled Rabbi Yehoshua to publicly accept his ruling, telling him: "Come to me with your staff and your money on the day that Yom Kippur falls according to your calculations." Carrying a staff and money were both violations of Yom Kippur. Therefore, by carrying out Rabban Gamliel's decree, Rabbi Yehoshua was publicly displaying his submission to the ruling by Rabban Gamliel concerning the fitness of the new moon witnesses. The illustration above shows Rabban Gamliel and Rabbi Yehoshua, (with staff and wallet), embracing, thus ending their dispute.

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